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Virologica Sinica, 31 (5) : 363, 2016
Review
Three-dimensional cell culture models for investigating human viruses
State Key Laboratory of Infection Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Viral Disease
Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
 Correspondence: guominch2013@163.com;zengyicdc@sina.com
(403.25KB)  
Abstract
Three-dimensional (3D) culture models are physiologically relevant, as they provide reproducible results, experimental flexibility and can be adapted for high-throughput experiments. Moreover, these models bridge the gap between traditional two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures and animal models. 3D culture systems have significantly advanced basic cell science and tissue engineering, especially in the fields of cell biology and physiology, stem cell research, regenerative medicine, cancer research, drug discovery, and gene and protein expression studies. In addition, 3D models can provide unique insight into bacteriology, virology, parasitology and host-pathogen interactions. This review summarizes and analyzes recent progress in human virological research with 3D cell culture models. We discuss viral growth, replication, proliferation, infection, virus-host interactions and antiviral drugs in 3D culture models.
Received: 9 Oct 2016  Accepted: 9 Oct 2016  Published online: 27 Oct 2016
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