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Virologica Sinica, 31 (6) : 472, 2016
The role of microRNAs in hepatocyte metabolism and hepatitis B virus replication
1. College of Life Science, Shangrao Normal University, Shangrao 334001, China
2. Institute of Virology, University Hospital of Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen 45147, Germany
 Correspondence: mengji.lu@uni-due.de
Though efficient vaccines against hepatitis B virus (HBV) and antiviral therapies are available,chronic HBV infection is still a global health problem. The process of HBV infection and HBV life cycle are extensively studied in last decades, however, the mechanisms of HBV-induced alterations of host cell metabolisms and host factors involved in modulating of viral replication are not fully understood. Thus, it is an important issue to examine these specific HBV-host interactions for development of novel strategies for antiviral therapies. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of post-transcriptional regulatory small RNA, seem to be the relevant fine tuning factors of various cellular activities and pathways, including cell growth, metabolism, and viral replication. In this review, we summarize the up to date knowledge concerning the virus-host interactions and emphasizing on the role of miRNAs in regulation of HBV replication and host cell metabolism.
Received: 29 Nov 2016  Accepted: 29 Nov 2016  Published online: 29 Dec 2016
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