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Virologica Sinica, 32 (6) : 495, 2017
Research Article
DC-SIGN promotes Japanese encephalitis virus transmission from dendritic cells to T cells via virological synapses
Ping Wang1,2, Mei Li1,2, Wei Lu4, Di Zhang1,2, Qinxue Hu1,3  , Yalan Liu 
1. State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3. Institute for Infection and Immunity, St George’s University of London, London SW17 0RE, UK
4. Wuhan Children’s Hospital (Wuhan Maternal and Child Healthcare Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan 430016, China
 Correspondence: qhu@wh.iov.cn;liuyl@wh.iov.cn
(9531.39KB)  (2811.48KB)  
Skin-resident dendritic cells (DCs) likely encounter incoming viruses in the first place, and their migration to lymph nodes following virus capture may promote viral replication. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes remain unclear. In the present study, we found that compared to cell-free viruses, DC-bound viruses showed enhanced capture of JEV by T cells. Additionally, JEV infection was increased by co-culturing DCs and T cells. Blocking the C-type lectin receptor DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) with neutralizing antibodies or antagonists blocked JEV transmission to T cells. Live-cell imaging revealed that DCs captured and transferred JEV viral particles to T cells via virological synapses formed at DC-T cell junctions. These findings indicate that DC-SIGN plays an important role in JEV transmission from DCs to T cells and provide insight into how JEV exploits the migratory and antigen-presenting capabilities of DCs to gain access to lymph nodes for dissemination and persistence in the host.
Received: 14 Jun 2017  Accepted: 18 Aug 2017  Published online: 31 Aug 2017
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