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Virologica Sinica, 33 (2) : 131, 2018
Research Article
A Highly Pathogenic Strain of Porcine Deltacoronavirus Caused Watery Diarrhea in Newborn Piglets
1 State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2 Guangdong Wen's Group Academy, Guangdong Wen's Foodstuffs Group Co., Ltd, Xinxing 527400, China
3 School of Life Science, Higher Education Mega Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
 Correspondence: caoych@mail.sysu.edu.cn
(8077.52KB)  
Abstract
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly identified virus that causes watery diarrhea in newborn piglets and results in significant economic losses to the pig industry. Since first reported in Hong Kong in 2012, PDCoV has been subsequently detected in USA, South Korea, Thailand, and mainland China. Here we isolated a strain of PDCoV, named CHN-GD-2016, from the intestinal content of a diseased newborn piglet with severe diarrhea in a pig farm in Guangdong, China. PDCoV CHN-GD-2016 could be identified by immunofluorescence with PDCoV specific rabbit antisera, and typical crown-shaped particles with spiky surface projections of this PDCoV were observed with electron microscopy. Genomic analysis showed that the PDCoV CHN-GD-2016 was closely related to other Chinese PDCoV strains, with the highest sequence similarity with the strain CHN/Tianjin/2016. Importantly, inoculation of newborn piglets with 1×105 TCID50 of CHN-GD-2016 by oral feeding successfully reproduced clear clinical symptoms, including vomiting, dehydration, and severe diarrhea in piglets. In addition, the virus RNA in rectal swabs from 1 to 7 days post inoculation was detected, macroscopic and microscopic lesions in small intestine were observed, and viral antigen was also detected in the small intestines with immunohistochemical staining. Collectively, the data show in this study confirms that PDCoV is present in Guangdong, China and is highly pathogenic in newborn piglets.
Received: 20 Jun 2017  Accepted: 22 Nov 2017  Published online: 22 Mar 2018
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