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Virologica Sinica, 33 (6) : 538, 2018
Research Article
In Vitro Anti-hepatitis B Virus Activity of 2',3'-Dideoxyguanosine
1 Institute of Translational Medicine and Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine for Prevention and Treatment of Senile Diseases, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, China
2 Baruch S. Blumberg Institute, Hepatitis B Foundation, Doylestown, PA 18902, USA
3 Qinghai Himalayan Experimental Animal Center, Xining 810006, China
 Correspondence: ju-tao.guo@bblumberg.org;zhangpinghu@163.com
2',3'-dideoxyguanosine (DoG) has been demonstrated to inhibit duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) replication in vivo in a duck model of HBV infection. In the current study, the in vitro antiviral effects of DoG on human and animal hepadnaviruses were investigated. Our results showed that DoG effectively inhibited HBV, DHBV, and woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) replication in hepatocyte-derived cells in a dose-dependent manner, with 50% effective concentrations (EC50) of 0.3 ± 0.05, 6.82 ± 0.25, and 23.0 ± 1.5 lmol/L, respectively. Similar to other hepadnaviral DNA polymerase inhibitors, DoG did not alter the levels of intracellular viral RNA but induced the accumulation of a less-than-full-length viral RNA species, which was recently demonstrated to be generated by RNase H cleavage of pgRNA. Furthermore, using a transient transfection assay, DoG showed similar antiviral activity against HBV wild-type, 3TC-resistant rtA181V, and adefovirresistant rtN236T mutants. Our results suggest that DoG has potential as a nucleoside analogue drug with anti-HBV activity.
Received: 5 Aug 2018  Accepted: 11 Oct 2018  Published online: 12 Nov 2018
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