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Citation: Meng Li, Beibei Wang, Liqiang Li, Gary Wong, Yingxia Liu, Jinmin Ma, Jiandong Li, Hongzhou Lu, Mifang Liang, Ang Li, Xiuqing Zhang, Yuhai Bi, Hui Zeng. Rift Valley Fever Virus and Yellow Fever Virus in Urine: A Potential Source of Infection [J].VIROLOGICA SINICA.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-019-00096-2

Rift Valley Fever Virus and Yellow Fever Virus in Urine: A Potential Source of Infection

  • ORCID: 0000-0002-8717-2942; 
  • Published Date: 19 March 2019
  • In recent years, the incidence of human infections caused by emerging or re-emerging pathogens has rapidly increased. Diseases that were once regional now have the ability to spread globally in a short amount of time and pose a wider threat to public health (Weaver et al. 2018). Yellow fever virus (YFV, family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes yellow fever in humans and has been endemic in Africa and Latin America for many years (Domingo et al. 2018). The most recent large-scale outbreak of YFV occurred in Brazil in which the mortality rate as of February 28, 2018 is 32.78% (WHO 2018). Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV, family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) is another mosquitoborne virus and primarily circulates in Africa and the Middle East, and in recent years in Europe (Mansfield et al. 2015). During the initial stage of infection, most patients infected with YFV or RVFV present nonspecific symptoms such as fever, headache, and vomiting, which often lead to a misdiagnosis (Mansfield et al. 2015; Domingo et al. 2018). The cases of YFV and RVFV in China were first reported in March and July 2016, respectively, in travelers returning from Angola (Chen et al. 2016; Liu et al. 2017).
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    Rift Valley Fever Virus and Yellow Fever Virus in Urine: A Potential Source of Infection

    • 1. BGI Education Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518083, China
    • 2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100015, China
    • 3. China National GeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China
    • 4. Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Emerging Infectious Diseases, State Key Discipline of Infectious Disease, Second Hospital Affiliated to Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China
    • 5. Institute Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
    • 6. Département de Microbiologie-Infectiologie et d'immunologie, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada
    • 7. Department of Internal Medicine, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
    • 8. Key Laboratory of Medical Virology and Viral Diseases, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention (IVDC), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China
    • 9. CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Center for Influenza Research and Early-warning (CASCIRE), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

    Abstract: In recent years, the incidence of human infections caused by emerging or re-emerging pathogens has rapidly increased. Diseases that were once regional now have the ability to spread globally in a short amount of time and pose a wider threat to public health (Weaver et al. 2018). Yellow fever virus (YFV, family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes yellow fever in humans and has been endemic in Africa and Latin America for many years (Domingo et al. 2018). The most recent large-scale outbreak of YFV occurred in Brazil in which the mortality rate as of February 28, 2018 is 32.78% (WHO 2018). Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV, family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) is another mosquitoborne virus and primarily circulates in Africa and the Middle East, and in recent years in Europe (Mansfield et al. 2015). During the initial stage of infection, most patients infected with YFV or RVFV present nonspecific symptoms such as fever, headache, and vomiting, which often lead to a misdiagnosis (Mansfield et al. 2015; Domingo et al. 2018). The cases of YFV and RVFV in China were first reported in March and July 2016, respectively, in travelers returning from Angola (Chen et al. 2016; Liu et al. 2017).

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